Every year over 1 million people have Strabismus surgery. Strabismus occurs when there is an abnormal alignment with the eyes. Strabismus procedures correct this abnormal alignment. It is one of the most common eye procedures that doctors perform throughout the United States.
During surgery the extra ocular muscles are worked on to help fix the alignment issue. There are a few different methods to correcting the issues depending on what each individuals situation is. Some patients need the eye muscle tightened while others need the eye muscles loosened.
Although there are different reasons for having the surgery the procedure usually begins the same way. The doctor will use an instrument called a lid speculum to hold the eyes opens. The surgeon will then make a small incision in the thin layer known as the conjunctiva. After cutting the conjunctiva the doctor will then use another small tool known as a hook to separate the eye muscle so it can be worked on. After the muscle is by itself the doctor will then begin the process of loosening or tightening the muscle.
Having eye surgery to correct the muscles is a one day procedure. At most the operation usually takes a few hours to finish. Although the actual length of the procedure varies on the individual. Typically children and adults are put under general anesthesia before the surgery.
As with any surgery there is some pre and post care that patients should follow. Before the surgery the nurse or doctor will go into full detail but there are a few things to keep in mind. Pre surgery aspirins should be avoided since they can mix with blood flow. Post surgery there may be redness and some pain in the eye area. After surgery patients are also required to wear an eye cover or an eye patch to help keep light out. Light can cause extreme discomfort in the eye while it is healing.
With very little pre care and after care having the Strabismus procedure can not only improve the look of the eye but it can also improve vision. Many eye problems can be solved with this procedure. Those who suffer from double vision, depth perception problems, and hand to eye coordination problems can benefit from this procedure. Whether individuals are born with an abnormal alignment or develop one throughout their adult life there are ways to help correct the problem.